Role of the Governor

Article 153 of the Constitution of India states : There shall be a Governor for each State
(For details and authenticity, please see The Constitution of India)
Articlewise List (from The Constitution of India) *

 Article  Topic
 153  Governors of State.
 154 Executive Power of State
 155 Appointment of Governor
 156 Term of office of Governor
 157 Qualifications for Appointment as Governor
 158 Conditions of Governor's office
 159 Oath or affirmation by the Governor
 160 Discharge of the functions of the Governor in certain contingencies.
 161 Power of Governor to grant pardons etc., and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases
 162 Extent of executive power of State
 163 Council of Ministers to aid and advise Governor
 164 Other provisions as to Ministers
 165 The Governor appoints the Advocate General for the State
 166 All executive actions of the Government of a State shall be expressed to be taken in the name of Governor
 167 Duties of Chief Minister as respects the furnishing of information to Governor etc.
 174 The Governor shall, from time to time, summon and prorogue the House and dissolve the Legislative Assembly

      

   Special Provisions  * Note: to be read with amendments
Constitutional Role – In Brief  For details and authenticity, please read The Constitution of India)


 
There shall be a Governor for each state (Articles 153 of the Constitution of India).
  The executive power of the State shall be vested in the Governor and shall be exercised by him either directly or through officers subordinate to him in accordance with the Constitution of India  (Article 154)
  The Governor of a State shall be appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal (Article 155).
  A person to be eligible for appointment as Governor should be citizen of India and has complete age of 35 years (Article 157).
  The Governor shall not be a member of the Legislature or Parliament; shall not hold any office of profit, shall be entitled to without payment of rent to the use of his official residences and shall also be entitled to such emoluments and allowances as may be determined by Parliament by law (Article 158).
  Every Governor and every person discharging the functions of the Governor shall make and subscribe an oath or Affirmation (Article 159).
  The President may make such provision as he thinks fit for the discharge of the functions of the Governor of a State in any contingency not provided for in Chapter II of the Constitution. (Article 160).
  The Governor shall have the power to grant pardons, reprieves, respites or remissions of punishment etc. (Article 161).
  There shall be a Council of Ministers with the Chief Minister at the head to aid and advise the Governor in the exercise of his functions except in so far as he is by or under the Constitution required to exercise his functions or any of them in his discretion (Article 163).
  The Governor appoints Chief Minister and other Ministers. (Article 164).
  The Governor appoints the Advocate General for the State. (Article 165).
  All executive actions of the Government of a State shall be expressed to be taken in the name of Governor (Article 166).
  The Governor shall, from time to time, summon and prorogue the House and dissolve the Legislative Assembly. (Article 174).
  The Governor may address the Legislative Assembly....; The Governor may send messages to the House. (Article 175).
  Special Address to the House by the Governor. (Article 176).
  The Governor assents, withholds assent, or reserves the Bill for the consideration of the Hon’ble President of India. (Article 200).
  The Governor shall in respect of every financial year cause to be laid before the House....a statement of the estimated  receipts and expenditure. (Article 202).
  The Governor shall in respect of every financial year cause to be laid before the House....a statement of the estimated  receipts and expenditure. (Article 202).
  No demand for a grant shall be made except on the recommendation of the Governor.  (Article 203(3)).
  The Governor shall ........cause to be laid before the House another statement showing  estimated amount of expenditure.  (Article 205).
  The Governor may promulgate the Ordinances under certain circumstances. (Article 213).
  The Governor is consulted for appointment of Judges of High Court. (Article 217).
  Every person appointed to be a judge of the High Court shall ........make and subscribe before the Governor or some person appointed in that behalf by him............ an oath or affirmation ......(Article 219).